Despite great potential, fish farming is slow growing.
Domestic consumption is encouraging, but delay in licensing, lack of credit and technology are barriers in the sector
31 March 2013
Reporting by TATIANA DE SÃO PAULO FREITAS
World reference in the market of animal protein-Brazil is leading exporter of beef and chicken, the country is a promise in the field of fisheries.
Even with 12% of freshwater on the planet, a coastline of 8,500 kilometers long and low-cost power due to the large grain production, Brazil is far from the leaders.
According to the FAO (UN agency for food and agriculture), the country's 13th largest producer of fish in captivity activity known as aquaculture.
In 2010, the date of the most recent report of the Ministry of Fisheries and Aquaculture, were produced 479 000 tons of fish in this model in Brazil, an increase of 15% over the previous year. This volume could double in the next ten years.
Dutch bank Rabobank, with a strong presence in the agribusiness, estimated production of 1 million tons of fish in 2022.
Besides the favorable environment for production, demand stimulates the activity. Consumption in Brazil is growing at an annual rate of 9% since 2006, but still below the world average and recommended by the World Health Organization should therefore continue increasing.
The movement is influenced by rising incomes and healthier habits of consumption-a worldwide trend. The FAO estimates that global demand for fish will grow by approximately 30 million tons by 2030.
With the extractive fishing near the limit-production since 2003 remains at 90 million tons in the world-the additional supply will come from aquaculture.
Among the current leaders of this market, few are able to increase production significantly. China, for example, a leading producer of tilapia, faces increased costs, which could open space for Brazil, Rabobank assesses.
The businessman Peter Furlan, who belongs to the founding family of Sadia, Brazil's investment in developing this market.
In 2006, he founded the Nativ Fish, tilapia production and Amazonian fish in Sorriso (MT) in 2012 earned $ 30 million.
For him, lack the scale to Brazil winning position in the industry. "The country needs technology and labor used," he says.
BNDES study on the sector, published in 2012, points out the major bottlenecks to progress: environmental licensing difficulties, lack of technology and credit.
According to the Secretary of Planning of the Ministry of Aquaculture Fisheries, Maria Fernanda Ferreira, the government works in these three areas. Last year we launched the first Harvest Plan for aquaculture, which provides for the release of R $ 4 billion to the sector by 2014.
As for the environmental licensing initiatives must come from state governments, which grant permits. São Paulo, for example, in late 2012 exempted small producers of the environmental impact study, which, by extension, to streamline the licensing of large projects.
According to the secretary of the ministry, other states also seek to streamline the environmental licensing as Goiás and Paraná.
"Brazil is not competitive in the production of commodity."
"The country needs technology and labor used."
President of the Nativ Fish
Increased consumption increased trade deficit SÃO PAULO
The growth of fish consumption stimulated imports, which have doubled in the past six years.
In 2012, the trade deficit of fish and crustaceans approached $ 1 billion, according to the Ministry of Development. Imports totaled U.S. $ 1.16 billion.
Salmon and cod, which are not produced in Brazil are the major imports. Among the major suppliers, we highlight Chile, China and Norway.
Exports were $ 188 million, with lobster leading the agenda.
The country, which in the early 2000s was one of the largest exporters of shrimp, now barely produces to meet the domestic consumption. "The volume of tilapia and shrimp produced in the country today is not enough to meet demand," says Pedro Furlan, chairman of Nativ Fish.
The company was established in 2006 to look into a niche market abroad: the Amazon fish. The idea was to produce just painted and tambaqui but Furlan was surprised by the crisis in 2009. Included, then the tilapia and products in the menu to offer to the market.
With the global economic recovery, sees new opportunities for export, but only Amazon fish that have higher added value. "Brazil is not competitive in selling commodity," he says.